What caused the Recession?


We are now living in one of the worst global financial crisis. This is proven by the fact that a lot of economies are going into recession and trillions of stock values were wiped out. Aside from these, a lot of companies have reduced their earnings with a lot of plant closures and job lay offs.

We often hear the word recession. We’ve watched news that Singapore, Germany, Japan, and New Zealand officially declared recession in their economies. But what is recession? And what caused it?

Recession, in economics, is defined as the contraction of an economy’s Gross Domestic Product for at least two consecutive quarters. That means the economy shrank.

We all know that the world’s largest economy is that of the United States. A lot of countries depend on them most especially countries which depend on export products. There’s this popular saying that “when United States sneezes, everybody catches a cold”. This is so true nowadays which is evident in the domino effect of the global financial crisis with a lot of economies caught colds.

What caused the recession? The problem started in the United States with the so-called Subprime Mortgage Crisis. The crisis was triggered by the rise in mortgage delinquencies leading to foreclosure of houses and ultimately a credit crunch leading to a freeze in liquidity.

Subprime Mortgage are mortgages given to high default risk credit borrowers. A lot of mortgages issued in US are called subprime which means that little or no downpayment was made by the borrowers to buy houses, cars, etc. Some credit were even given to low income families or with bad credit history. Because of the nature of these mortgages, a lot of borrowers defaulted on their loans which led to banks foreclosing securities of these loans including houses, cars, etc.

All these accumulated and led to the “credit squeeze”. There were no more cash available to other borrowers as all these cash were frozen to foreclosed houses with no willing buyers. The tightening of credit led to a slow down of the economy as there were no more loans available to other borrowers which they can probably use as capital in their businesses. Now, this led to a series of events:

Low Demand.  Because of the tightening of credit, there was a slow demand of products of these businesses.

Decrease of Profits. Because of low demand, then there was a decrease in profits for these businesses.

Plant Closures. Because of decrease of profits, then companies need to shut down some of their plants to reduce costs. There was also a notable increase in bankruptcy filings.

Job Lay Offs. Because of plant closures and bankruptcy filings, then companies laid off a lot of their employees and unemployment rate rose.

Stock Market Decline. All these series of events led to the rampant fear of stock investors dumping their stocks which led to tremendous wipe outs of stock values.

The United States and other countries are all doing their best to combat this financial crisis by using different strategies including the recent US$700 Billion bail out plan to increase liquidity in the economy. US Treasury is providing millions and billions of loans to ailing companies to sustain this financial crisis and prevent further recessionof other economies.

The current recession have caused some companies to succumb and declare bankruptcy. Two of these companies include Six Flags, the world’s largest theme park and CIT Group, the American commercial and finance company.

What about a more severe type of recession called depression? I did some study specifically on what caused “The Great Depression” in the 1930s.

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Tyrone is a passionate financial literacy advocate. He started this blog on November 2008 when he watched The Secret which talked about Law of Attraction because he wanted to become a millionaire and wanted to know how a millionaire acts. At the age of 26, he achieved his first million. To find out more about him, click here or follow him at Instagram

25 responses on “What caused the Recession?

  1. You know, I have to tell you, I really enjoy this blog and the insight from everyone who participates. I find it to be refreshing and very informative. I wish there were more blogs like it. Anyway, I felt it was about time I posted, I

    • Dear sir,

      I hope you are well, i really enjoyed your article and your valiable information, i was just wondering if you please could help me with my dissertation about the recession so i was just wondering if you provide this service.

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  2. The credit industry as a whole is breaking America. Sign this and that before we can trust you’ll pay is ruining fair trade which is the common tread on how we survive. America needs to trust again to spend again. With government rewarding companies for poor management and poor choices, where does it stop?

  3. This all started because we borrowed too much money. Now our government will fix this problem by borrowing too much money? We trust these fools in Washington too much!

  4. the economic recession has been pretty hard on us. there is a some good progress on the economy this year. i just hope that the economy will continue to recover in the following months and years.

  5. The sub-prime mortgage crisis has its roots clear back to Jimmy Carter with the Community Reinvestment Act- Carter wanted to get low income and poor people into their own homes.
    Clinton really got it going during his presidency, by having the justice dept impose penalties for banks that didn’t meet their quotas of sub prime lending. Barney Frank and Chris Dodd are another duo that really kept this horrible scheme going of forcing banks to give mortgages to people who had no chance of repaying them. Bush didn’t do enough to stop the madness either. Vote everyone out for this irresponsible behavior.

  6. I partly agree with this blog. The global financial crisis the result of a pro-rich fiscal policy of the US Federal Reserve Bank. The US federal reserve bank is not owned by the US government. The real owners are the private banks which are controlled by the Rockefellers, the rothschild family and other ultra rich families from Europe. These people controlled the US economy.

  7. Good article. However, you could do to check your grammar – especially in relation to your use of words like: ‘these’, ‘this’, ‘they’ etc.

  8. im 100percent assuring you all. that their is only one person behind this global financial crisis.. who has the golds will rule..

  9. it is all because of america, they are the worlds greatest fools sitting around eating hamburgers while the world is starving and then eating off other countries miseries! huh! heartless fools are all those who are in the white house!

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